Timbre/ Instruments

Timbre / Instruments

Timbre or  is a qualitie that allows us to distinguish the same note on two differents instruments.

Human Voices 

Soprano

Mezzosoprano:  diferencias entre sopranos y mezzos.

Contralto:  Stabat Mater de Pergolesi

Tenor:  La donna e mobile

Barítono:  Papageno, Papagena

Bajo:  Ave Maria

Instrumentos

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String instrumentsstringed instruments, or chordophones are musical instruments that produce sound from vibrating strings when the performer plays or sounds the strings in some manner.

Musicians play some string instruments by plucking the strings with their fingers or a plectrum—and others by hitting the strings with a light wooden hammer or by rubbing the strings with a bow.

Bowed string instruments are a subcategory of string instruments that are played by a bow rubbing the strings. The bow rubbing the string causes vibration which the instrument emits as sound.

  • Violin (violino)
  • Viola (altviol, bratsche)
  • Cello (violoncello)
  • Double bass (contrabasso)

Resultat d'imatges de bowed string instruments

Plucked string instruments are a subcategory of string instruments that are played by plucking the strings. Plucking is a way of pulling and releasing the string in such a way as to give it an impulse that causes the string to vibrate. Plucking can be done with either a finger or a plectrum.

Resultat d'imatges de instrumentos de cuerda pulsada

 

 

Resultat d'imatges de wind instrumentos musicales

wind instrument is a musical instrument that contains some type of resonator (usually a tube), in which a column of air is set into vibration by the player blowing into (or over) a mouthpiece set at or near the end of the resonator. The pitch of the vibration is determined by the length of the tube and by manual modifications of the effective length of the vibrating column of air. In the case of some wind instruments, sound is produced by blowing through a reed; others require buzzing into a metal mouthpiece.

Woodwind instruments are a family of musical instruments within the more general category of wind instruments. There are two main types of woodwind instruments: flutes and reed instruments (otherwise called reed pipes). What differentiates these instruments from other wind instruments is the way in which they produce their sound. All woodwinds produce sound by splitting an exhaled air stream on a sharp edge, such as a reed or a fipple. A woodwind may be made of any material, not just wood. Common examples include brass, silver, and cane, as well as other metals including gold and platinum. Examples are a saxophone, a bassoon and a piccolo.

Resultat d'imatges de woodwind instrumentos musicales

percussion instrument is a musical instrument that is sounded by being struck or scraped by a beater

The percussion family is believed to include the oldest musical instruments, following the human voice.

Percussion instruments are most commonly divided into two classes: Pitched percussion instruments, which produce notes with an identifiable pitch, and unpitched percussion instruments, which produce notes or sounds without an identifiable pitch.